Parts of Speech
Nouns - used to name a person, an animal, a place, a thing or an idea.
Pronouns - used to take the place of a previously named noun.
Verbs - words that express an action.
Adjectives - words that describe or modify the meaning of a noun or pronoun.
Adverbs - words that describe or modify a verb, adjective or adverb.
Articles - short words that precede nouns.
Conjunctions - words that link other words to form a sentence.
Prepositions - words that work together with nouns or pronouns to form a phrase.
Sentences - can be as long as a paragraph or as short as one word.
Phrases - two or more words that form a grammatically related part of a sentence.
Clauses - a group of words containing a subject and a predicate.
Agreement - words that logically correspond with one another in terms of person, number or gender.
Parallelism - also known as parallel structure or parallel construction, is a balance within one or more sentences of similar phrases or clauses that have the same grammatical structure.
Apostrophes - used to indicate the possessive case.
Capitalisation - proper nouns and most proper adjectives begin with a capital letter.
Colons - indicate that what follows explains and forms a break before a main clause.
Commas - separates words in a list or series.
Dashes - can be used in the same way as commas, colons or parentheses.
Ellipses - indicate the omission of words in a sentence.
Exclamation Marks - add emphasis or to indicate surprise, disbelief and annoyance.
Hyphens - used in compound constructions to avoid ambiguity.
Italics - used to differentiate words from the surrounding text.
Numbers - newspapers and magazines use figures for numbers greater than nine.
Parentheses - separates words or parts of a sentence that are incidental to the main topic.
Periods - used to conclude a sentence and between initials.
Question Marks - used to conclude a direct question.
Quotation Marks - used to indicate dialogue, identifying direct speech.
Semicolons - indicate a break between a complete clause and a related clause.